Question Of The Day #18

question of the day
qod18
839 - diffuse ST elevation - pericarditis?

Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management for the patient’s condition?

This patient presents to the emergency department with signs and symptoms consistent with acute pericarditis from a likely viral etiology. Common causes of acute pericarditis include idiopathic, infectious (viral, bacterial, or fungal), malignancy, drug-induced, rheumatic disease-associated (lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.), radiation, post-MI (Dressler’s Syndrome), uremia, and severe hypothyroidism. The chest pain associated with this diagnosis is typically worse with supine positioning, improved with sitting forward, worse with inspiration, and may radiate to the back. A pericardial friction rub may be heard on auscultation of the chest, and there may be a low-grade fever on the exam. The hallmark EKG demonstrates diffuse ST-segment elevation with PR segment depression, although normal ST segments or T wave inversions can be seen on EKG later in the disease process. The treatment of acute pericarditis depends on the underlying cause of the disease. This patient has likely viral pericarditis with no clinical signs of myocarditis (i.e. fluid overload, cardiogenic shock, etc.) or cardiac tamponade (i.e. obstructive shock, distended neck veins, muffled heart sounds, low voltage QRS complexes or electrical alternans on EKG). A cardiac sonogram would be prudent to evaluate for a pericardial effusion. This patient’s disease course likely will resolve with NSAIDs in 1-2 weeks. Ibuprofen (Choice C) is the preferred treatment over aspirin (Choice A) or steroids (Choice B). Colchicine (Choice D) can be useful in recurrent episodes of pericarditis to reduce recurrence and in acute pericarditis not responding to NSAIDs. Correct Answer: C 

References

Cite this article as: Joseph Ciano, USA, "Question Of The Day #18," in International Emergency Medicine Education Project, October 23, 2020, https://iem-student.org/2020/10/23/question-of-the-day-18/, date accessed: November 24, 2020

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